PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS, ANTIMICROBIAL AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF THYMUS VULGARIS L.
Keywords:Phytochemical analysis, antimicrobial assay, antioxidant activity, Thymus vulgaris l.
Medicinal activities of Thymus vulgaris L. were studied in the underlying research which was conducted in University of Central Punjab, Lahore. The powdered plant sample was collected and subjected to extraction and filtration by dissolving it in seven different solvents and thus the fractions obtained, were used for further analysis. The qualitative and quantitative analysis was carried out which revealed that this plant contained many biologically active compounds like saponin, alkaloids etc. These compounds have enormous bioactive roles. Antimicrobial activity was also determined in which four bacterial strains were used and the susceptibility of all the fractions of plant extract was determined by their inhibition zones which were calculated in mm. The results showed that water and chloroform extracts of plant has highest activity. The antioxidant activity was also determined by DPPH scavenging assay for which different concentrations of all plant extracts were made and their absorbance was noted to measure the percentage inhibition of each concentration, which revealed that this plant has significant antioxidant activity. The results have been represented using statistical approach that revealed that T. vulgaris plant has significant antibacterial and anti-oxidant activities and phytochemical analysis also proved that it has many useful compounds which have voluminous biological activity and these could be used in the formation of novel drugs.