ROLE AND FUNCTION OF ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR IN DIFFERENT PLANTS UNDER MULTIPLE BIOTIC AND ABIOTIC STRESSES
Abiotic and biotic stresses are the causes of drastic changes in plants growth and development.
These stresses effect crop production and quality, thus result is in economic lose and food insecurity. Many factors play vital role in regulating growth of plants along with developmental pathways during biotic and abiotic stresses. Transcription factors are proteins that control physiological, developmental and stress responses in plants. Ethylene response factors belong to the biggest family of transcription factors, known to participate in various stress tolerance like drought, heat, salt and cold. They are significant regulators of plant gene expression. The objective of this review is to present how ethylene response factor family proteins became the focus of stress tolerance as well as the development and growth of plants.